The mural movement has been a unique experiment in the possibility of a democratic mass culture that is public, authentic, and activist, in opposition to the manipulative culture of alienated spectator-consumers produced by the commercial bourgeois media and the equally alienated obscurantist ‘high’ culture of the elite institutions. … From the outset the murals have had an audience: community residents have celebrated, loved, and protected them because they have had a part in them. The murals have told the people’s own story, their history and struggles, their dignity and hopes.
—Eva Cockcroft, John Weber, and James Cockcroft, Toward a People’s Art: The Contemporary Mural Movement (via feministsociology)
In 2009, an exhaustive study published by sociologists at Princeton Uinversity found that when measured on an all-things-being-equal basis, Asian Americans were required to score at least 140 points higher than whites on standardized tests, in order to qualify for admission into top universities.
Capitalism these last two hundred years has produced, through its dominant form of urbanisation, not only a ‘second nature’ of built environments…but also an urbanised human nature, endowed with a very specific sense of time, space and money as resources of social power and with sophisticated abilities and strategies to win back from one corner of urban life what may be lost in another.
Oppression is cooking being “women’s work,” while the overwhelming majority of top restaurant chefs are male.
Oppression is fashion being a “silly girl thing,” while the top earning designers and CEOs in fashion are male.
Oppression is reducing women to consumers profiting a male system, even in fields that we supposedly dominate.
Western science is wed to the evolutionary scheme of interpretation that suggests there is an end purpose in everything that is reached by sheer chance. This format is, of course, absurd. It suggests, when discussing human beings, that the task of our species, from the very beginning, was to evolve into tool-making and manufacturing beings who were able to gradually wrest secrets from a reluctant and inert material world of nature.
Mary Douglas (1971) theorized the body as a medium of communication positing a direct relationship of spatial arrangements and social structure beginning with the symbolism of the body and body boundaries. In later work, Mauss (1979) analyzed the importance of the human body as a metaphor, noting that architecture draws its imagery from human experience, whereas Douglas (1978) and Bourdieu (1984) explored how body symbolism is transformed into spaces within the home and neighborhood.
Oooo very cute corgi puppy